Written by D-Mitch
Two types of conventional submarines (SSK) of different origin, the German Type 209 and the Russian Kilo (Project 877/636), are the most successful export diesel-electric submarine designs in the world today. The Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for the Russian Project 877
Paltus and the Improved Kilo for the Project 636 Varshavyanka. Kilo
class has been successfully exported to eight (8) countries, with 60
submarines been built and commissioned between 1981 and 2014 while there
are under construction nine (9) Improved Kilo submarines, four (4) for
Russia, three (3) for Vietnam and two (2) for Algeria. With the delivery
of these submarines the total number of Kilo class will increase to 69.
Of the total 24 Kilo class submarines of Russian Navy, about 16-18 are
in operational status and two (2) have been retired and sold for scrap.
There are several Russian Kilo submarines in reserve either their status
is unknown; the sole Romanian is in reserve from the '90s also. The
Indian Sindhurakshak was destroyed in 2013 after an explosion and fire
on board suspected to have occurred from the munitions onboard - killing
18 people at the Indian Navy's dockyard at Mumbai Port.
The Type 209 submarines have been successfully exported to 13 countries, with 61 submarines of five main variants (the equipment varies among operators) been built and commissioned between 1971 and 2008. In 2012 a contract was signed with Germany to build two (2) submarines for the Egyptian navy that will be delivered in 2016. Thus, by including Egypt, the operators will increase to 14 and the number of submarines 63. Three (3) submarines have been retired: the first Type 209 that was decommissioned was the Argentinian San Luis (Type 209/1100) in 1997, later in 2011 it was Glaukos (Type 209/1100) of Hellenic Navy which was the first of the Type 209 class worldwide and recently, in 2014, it was the Turkish Saldıray (Type 209/1200).
|Improved Kilo class submarine|
|Turkish Νavy Type 209/1200 submarines in formation|
|Type 209 VS Kilo|