Written by D-Mitch
Kartal class, was till 2016 the oldest class of Fast Attack Craft (FAC) of Turkish Navy (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri), when the last active boat in the class, Pelikan (P-326), was retired. The design originates from the Zobel class (Type 142) torpedo boats which were designed and built by Lürssen for the German Navy in the early '60s. Nine Kartal class Fast Attack Missile Craft (FACM) were built in Germany by Lürssen and they were commissioned during the period 1968-1970. The Kartal class boats were of 200tons full displacement approximately, length and beam of 42.5m and 7.1m respectively and they had a maximum speed of 42knots achieving a range of around 900km with this high speed. Their keel was made from light metal and they had a wooden planking and aluminum
Initially, the boats were armed with four single 21in (533mm) torpedo tubes for G-7A torpedoes and two 40mm/90 Breda-Bofors AA guns with an effective range of about 2.5-3km. The Turkish Navy replaced the old G-7A torpedoes with the more modern Atlas SST-3/4 Seal which has a maximum range of about 37km range with a speed of 23knots and about 10km with the maximum speed of 35knots. The warhead is of 250kg. In 1971 Turkey purchased about 60-65 Kongsberg Defence Systems AGM-119 Penguin Mk 1 SSM and installed them on the boats in four single launchers for each vessel replacing the two aft torpedo tubes. In the majority of the online sources the missiles are referred as Mk2, thus the missiles might have been upgraded with new seeker, processor and motor to the next Mark. The boats usually were carrying only two of the launchers.
|Modified photo of a Kartal class fast attack craft of the Turkish Navy. For a high resolution image click here.|
|The front 40mm Bofors gun|
|Penguin missile launch from a Kartal|
|Penguin anti-ship missile|
|Kartal FACM with two Penguin SSM|
|Kartal class fast attack craft|
The electronic equipment was limited in two Decca 1226 navigation and surveillance radars (initially they had only one), the Telegon 8 EW system and the Hagenuk TFCS. The boats might had been equipped with the Penguin Fire Control System 2 (PFCS 2). The boats were retired after their were considered inadequate in their role and especially when their anti-ship missiles' service life came to an end.